Ontario has successfully implemented its policy to put an end to coal use by the end of 2014. The coal phaseout in Ontario has become “the single largest GHG reduction measure in North America”. Since 2007, when coal accounted for about 25 per cent of its electricity generation, the province has reduced its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by approximately 34 megatonnes (Mt) or 17 per cent. To Ontarians, this success is proof of the power of grassroots movements and a progressive subnational government. To some readers from outside Canada, though, this is welcome leadership coming from a seemingly unlikely place: a heavily industrialized province the size of France and Spain combined, part of Canada, a country often referred to as one of the world’s “biggest climate laggards”.