This Handbook, which presents a new participatory methodology for Climate Vulnerability and Capacity Analysis, is very timely. Its focus on the community level is sharp and salutary. It stresses that communities are not homogeneous. It underlines the need to pay special attention to those, especially women and the marginalised, who are more at risk and less able to adapt. It is about facilitating analysis of vulnerability and adaptive capacity by members of communities themselves. In doing this it applies participatory values, processes and methods, to enable local people to articulate and enhance their own knowledge and understanding, and to plan action. It is based on the premise, so often validated, that ‘they can do it’ – that local people have knowledge and capabilities greater than outsider professionals often believe.